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These are not feelings — these are thoughts. When I work with clients or students, this is one of the first things I ask them to investigate. We need to become aware of our emotions and thoughts, so we can better accept and challenge them. This is why I think enhanced emotional intelligence is essential for successful recovery.

However, what we can do is make each other aware of the barriers that stop it developing naturally. Emotional intelligence can help develop skills relating to assertiveness, maintaining safe boundaries, developing and enriching relationships, dealing with change, taking calculated risks, and many other areas of personal growth. In a lot of ways, I am just as scared as I was back then. My esteem can still be low, but the difference now is that, through an awareness of my thoughts and feelings, I am able to challenge my emotional and mental state and not give it power. With fearful situations, I do it anyway — at least sometimes.

For eight years, I worked with people who were still using drugs in a group setting and, each day, the objective was always to enhance their emotional intelligence, empowering them to have more choices.

Developing the personal qualities required for effective nurse leadership

Today, I teach counselling and addiction awareness to people in recovery, as well as teenage schoolchildren, corporate managers, nurses, perpetrators of domestic violence, addiction workers, therapists and anyone who wants to be the best they can be. At the Calico Group, where I work, our chief executive Anthony Duerden ensures that training around emotional intelligence is delivered across the organisation.

As therapeutic workers striving to help the wounded, I am convinced that we become more potent at what we do when we ourselves strive to enhance our own emotional intelligence.

Affective Teaching in Nursing

Karl had been addicted to heroin since the age of 17 and came into treatment aged He had contracted hepatitis C and had turned to crime to support his drug habit. He was also selling himself. These behaviours went against all his morals, beliefs and values. He had attempted suicide numerous times. His mother had committed suicide while he was in addiction. Through a therapeutic process Karl was able to look closely at his thoughts, behaviours, and actions in a safe environment.

He was able to improve his self-awareness through enhancing his emotional intelligence. With this process came the development of certain key skills to move on with his life. Karl reported that since putting down the drugs it had all become about living his life. This meant managing himself, his thoughts, emotions and relationships. He began to manage his emotional state by being aware of his negative self-talk, and with this awareness he began to challenge himself to go further.

Nursing Theories & Theorists: An Ultimate Guide for Nurses - Nurseslabs

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. Rather, the MB skills course served as a starting point of an inner journey that needs further practice and continuation afterwards. Participation in the MB skills course made the participants gradually more aware of their own being, their feelings and emotions, and of the importance of taking care for themselves physically and mentally.

The experiential sessions created more insight into the body—mind connection. This made the participants aware of the usefulness of incorporating MB practices in their own daily life to cope with stress and the corresponding benefits for their patients. Furthermore, being in contact with their inner feelings and sharing experiences with other participants in the group increased awareness of the various perspectives and feelings of others.

The opportunity to step back from daily routines enabled the participants to see the true nature of themselves and the surrounding world, including the need to pay attention to themselves. In this study, participants initially felt barriers to facing their inner feelings. Perhaps, some of the participants were not used to focusing on themselves.

Self-care and self-awareness are foundational elements that comprise the core values of nursing. Florence Nightingale, commonly regarded as the founder of modern nursing, advocated since its beginning the importance of self-care for nurses and directed nurses to use reflection for self-discovery and understanding others Dossey, Today, however, the demanding workplace seems to have shifted attention away from self-care and self-awareness within the nursing community Drick, ; Mariano, Apart from not being used to focus on their inner feelings, the initial barriers experienced by the participants may also be related to inner constraints caused by the existence of normative social behavior.

This theory implies that judgments that people make about themselves are constrained by social expectations and cultural values. Hence, participants may have experienced initial inhibitions as a result of a perception that focusing on their personal wellness and engaging in discussions on health concerns is not expected within their culturally defined roles as medical or nursing students. The present study showed that the MB skills course led to enhanced empathic capacities among the participants.

Experiences of increased awareness about their own feelings and emotions might have helped participants to show compassionate feelings when faced with human suffering and pain. This is in line with a study of Saunders et al. Enhancing these empathic capabilities are considered core competences for both nurses and physicians as it helps both groups to effectively meet the health care needs of the people they serve DFMS, ; ICN, ; KNMG, It is a universal principle within nursing theories that guiding and supporting individuals in their healing process requires, in a sense, the ability to get inside the skin of each patient to know what he or she needs George, According to the recently introduced holistic and salutogenic oriented approach of Integrative Nursing, self-awareness makes a person not only more perceptive of self, but also of the other.

Can People Succeed Without Social and Emotional Skills?

Thereby, it can generate health care professionals with conscious control to deeply attune to the patient when providing care or to step back and reload if necessary Quinn, Both medical and nursing students had actively learned MB techniques during the MB skills course, which were used as tools to cope with stress in their personal and professional lives.

The ability to handle stress in life was also one of the central themes in a qualitative study of the MB course developed by Georgetown University Saunders et al. Similarly, a previous qualitative study describes experiences of increased self-care and stress reduction among nurses after participating in a mindfulness program Cohen-Katz et al.

Furthermore, Halm concludes in a recent narrative review that mindfulness practices by nurses are associated with a number of direct health benefits such as less stress and more resilience. However, a previously published quantitative study that investigated the long-term effects of the MB skills course by using validated self-reporting scales showed a decrease in overall perceived stress only among nursing students van Vliet et al.

These quantitative findings suggest that nursing students benefit more than medical students from the MB skills course in relation to dealing with stress. This might be explained by the fact that perceived stress scores prior to the MB skills course were higher among the nursing students compared with the medical students. Some methodological issues need to be addressed. First, the sampling procedure might have resulted in inclusion of relatively more study participants with a general positive attitude toward the MB skills course.

Furthermore, the most reported reason for refusal was lack of time because of internships, which is not necessarily related with positive or negative opinions toward the course. However, as participants were not dependent on the interviewer e. Overall, the broad range of stories suggest that the results reflect all experiences well. Third, all interviews among Swedish nursing students were conducted by Dutch interviewers and therefore in English. This might have created a language barrier for the Swedish students, which would make it more difficult for them to express themselves fully. To overcome this, time was taken to let the students feel comfortable and give them every opportunity to express themselves well. The students themselves indicated that they felt able to express themselves well during the interviews. This is confirmed by the rich and vivid information that was obtained among the Swedish nursing students and is confirmed by the positive feedback from the Swedish participants on the transcripts that were sent to them to check correctness.

The richness of the interviews also supports the information power of the study and the trustworthiness of the findings. Malterud et al.

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This large number is motivated by the relatively broad and explorative aim of the study and the low level of available established theories regarding MB skills courses in relation to self-care and self-awareness among medical and nursing students prior to the study. This study was conducted among Dutch medical and Swedish nursing students. Therefore, it would be of interest to further explore differences in experiences of the MB skills course between nurses and medical students within the same country. Finally, the study aimed for trustworthiness by following a structured method and by discussing the findings from each consecutive step among all authors.

Still, the findings are based on our own interpretations of the interview data. Therefore, it would be valuable to obtain feedback from the participating students to check if they can identify with our reflection and interpretation of their experiences. This present study brings forward a deeper understanding of what participation and subsequent personal integration of the elements in daily life means for the person.

Self Awareness and Emotional

Thereby, the study is an important contribution in adding and building evidence for these complex interventions. In conclusion, this study revealed that participation in the MB skills course is understood as a pathway to inner awareness and a support to connecting with others and the surrounding world. Overall, the results show that the MB skills course contributed to increased self-awareness and self-care among participants and therefore seems a valuable addition to both medical and nursing education.

The authors want to thank Wim Duhayon, trainee at that time, for his contribution to the collection of data. Furthermore, the authors gratefully acknowledge all students who participated in the study and shared their stories.

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Her work focuses on promoting resilience and vitality among patients and health care professionals. Miek C. She is a former employee of the Louis Bolk Institute. Her areas of research include studies into the effects of mind body techniques and integrative medicine. He teaches in research methodology and supervises students in numerous areas of health research. His research line is especially focussed on promoting self-care and a healthy lifestyle among healthy people as well as people with illness and disease from a salutogenic perspective.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Glob Qual Nurs Res. Published online Oct Marja van Vliet , 1, 2 Miek C. Jong , 1, 2 and Mats Jong 2.