In , a skull and jawbone found in a gravel pit in England were declared by scientists to be concrete proof of the connection between humans and apes. More than 40 years later, the Piltdown Man was proven to be a fraud. It was nothing more than the lower jawbone of an orangutan combined with the skull of a modern human. More recently, fossils of a "bird-dinosaur" were labeled as a missing link by National Geographic in , but were later discovered to be the deliberately combined body of an early toothed bird with the tail of a dinosaur. Live Science. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Not one but many creatures intermediate between living apes and humans have since been found as fossils. The oldest known fossil hominins—i. Great Chain of Being , conception of the nature of the universe that had a pervasive influence on Western thought, particularly through the ancient Greek Neoplatonists and derivative philosophies during the European Renaissance and the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Natural history. History of evolutionary theory. Fields and applications. Applications of evolution Biosocial criminology Ecological genetics Evolutionary aesthetics Evolutionary anthropology Evolutionary computation Evolutionary ecology Evolutionary economics Evolutionary epistemology Evolutionary ethics Evolutionary game theory Evolutionary linguistics Evolutionary medicine Evolutionary neuroscience Evolutionary physiology Evolutionary psychology Experimental evolution Phylogenetics Paleontology Selective breeding Speciation experiments Sociobiology Systematics Universal Darwinism.
Social implications. Evolution as fact and theory Social effects Creation—evolution controversy Objections to evolution Level of support. See also: History of the creation—evolution controversy and History of evolutionary thought. See also: Reactions to On the Origin of Species. Main article: History of creationism. See also: Creation and evolution in public education. Main article: Scopes Trial. State , S. Main article: Epperson v. Main article: Daniel v. Main article: Creation science.
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Main article: McLean v. Main article: Edwards v. Main article: Intelligent design. See also: Neo-creationism , Intelligent design movement , Teach the Controversy , and Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns. Main article: Kansas evolution hearings. Main article: Kitzmiller v.
Neo-Darwinism: The Current Paradigm. by Brig Klyce
See also: Creation and evolution in public education and Intelligent design in politics. Main article: Young Earth creationism. See also: Creation science and Flood geology. Main article: Old Earth creationism.
What's the Missing Link?
See also: Gap creationism , Day-age creationism , and Progressive creationism. Main article: Neo-creationism. See also: Intelligent design. Main article: Theistic evolution. Main article: Evolution as theory and fact. See also: Objection to evolution on the basis that it is a religion. See also: Objection to evolution's moral implications. Main article: Common descent. See also: Evidence of common descent and Tree of life biology.
Main articles: Human evolution , Homo , and Human taxonomy.
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See also: Paleoanthropology and Adam and Eve. Main article: Macroevolution. See also: Speciation. Main article: Transitional fossil. See also: List of transitional fossils , Bird evolution , and Evolution of the horse. Main article: Flood geology.
See also: Geochronology and Age of the Earth. See also: Age of the universe. See also: radiometric dating.
Main article: Quote mining. Main article: Creation and evolution in public education. See also: Teach the Controversy. See also: Relationship between religion and science , Catholic Church and evolution , Allegorical interpretations of Genesis , and Evolutionary argument against naturalism. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. June See also: Politics of creationism and Santorum Amendment. See also: Islamic views on evolution. Main article: Outline of the creation—evolution controversy. Acceptance of evolution by religious groups Anti-intellectualism Clergy Letter Project Creation and evolution in public education Evolutionary origin of religions Hindu views on evolution Jainism and non-creationism Jewish views on evolution Mormon views on evolution Objections to evolution Project Steve Relationship between religion and science Stereotypes of Americans TalkOrigins Teach the Controversy Theology of creationism and evolution.
Retrieved Washington, D. February 16, Archived from the original PDF on Some bills seek to discredit evolution by emphasizing so-called 'flaws' in the theory of evolution or 'disagreements' within the scientific community. Others insist that teachers have absolute freedom within their classrooms and cannot be disciplined for teaching non-scientific 'alternatives' to evolution. A number of bills require that students be taught to 'critically analyze' evolution or to understand 'the controversy. The current controversy surrounding the teaching of evolution is not a scientific one.
Dover Area School District , 04 cv M. December 20, Whether ID Is Science, p. November GSA Today. Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary.
Evolution Brief E2. Archived from the original PDF on 29 November Context, p. The Washington Post. November 16, Renka's Home Page. Round Rock, TX. The New York Times. Natural History. Introduction, pp. Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism. University of Chicago Press. May—June Reports of the National Center for Science Education.
News coverage of the creationism-versus-evolution debate tends to focus on the United States But in the past 5 years, political clashes over the issue have also occurred in countries all across Europe. USA Today. Religion News Service. The Atlantic. Omaha, NE: Gallup, Inc.
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