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2. The Meaning of Justification

Faith does not justify without that submission. The Psalmist well described the attitude. Why do the nations rage, and the peoples imagine a vain thing? The Bible plainly describes some as enemies of God. It is clear enough that Satan is an enemy Matthew ,28,39 , but so also are men who oppose the truth Matthew ; Luke ; Acts ; Romans ; Philippians But as Professor Spicq noted, when one enters the realm of the Old Testament, it is as if he is entering a new world , In the sense of this passage, peace is a state of being, not a mere emotion—though emotion should naturally follow.

Unfortunately, too many people have a deceptive emotional sense of peace, when actually they still are at war with God. And sadly, some who have entered the state of justification seem still to be searching for peace of mind! Again it must be emphasized that Christ is the only avenue to justification. The preposition dia suggests a secondary agency; in other words, the peace derives from God, but is bestowed by means of the sacrificial mission of Christ cf.

Luke Thayer described it as an access to a friendly relationship with God by which we are assured that he is pleased with us , Take note of the joint relationship that is involved in the access of grace. It is through the work of Christ, in conjunction with the by-the-faith process that is implemented on the part of those seeking grace. But there is adequate evidence to support it; some copyists may have omitted it, feeling it somewhat redundant to the phrase of v.

Grace is a wonderful, though much misunderstood, theme. The term charis occurs about times in the New Testament. The solid stand results from the sustained faith upon which the Christian positions his life cf. Romans ; 2 Corinthians The sphere of grace is not an environment in which the child of God irrevocably remains— irrespective of his own will-power.

But on the other hand, as in this case, it can express a healthy glorying, a rejoicing in things spiritual as in ; cf. First, it doubtless denotes the eventual joy of being in the very presence of the Lord God himself, and basking in his blessed radiance cf. Revelation ; More than that though, there is a limited sense in which we will share divine glory.

Savor it and be motivated to a greater level of service thereby.

The Exegesis

Jackson, Wayne. Access date: September 28, Topical Index.

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About Contact. Justified by Faith By Wayne Jackson. The text is thrilling beyond the human tongue to express: Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; through whom also we have had our access by faith into this grace wherein we stand; and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God Romans The Exegesis Bible passages brim with inspired information worthy of careful examination. Note the following facts: In his letter to the Romans and elsewhere , Paul never divorces faith from obedience. Valid faith is that which yields obedience, and obedience derives its genesis from faith ; Faith, aloof from submission to God, is simply viewed as non-faith, redemptively speaking cf.

James If, therefore, one learns what transpired between verses two and seven, he will know precisely how justification was effected. He contends that dying to sin essentially is a resolution to no longer live the unrestrained life of sin v. The one who dies to the love and reckless practice of sin will submit to being buried in baptism, just as Christ was buried following his death. In chapter ten of this book, the apostle discusses the problem of Jewish disbelief. What was at the core of that problem?

Acts , But, by way of contrast, what was the plight of many of the Jews? Faith obeys! The arrogant will not submit to divine restraints. Through Christ Again it must be emphasized that Christ is the only avenue to justification. Divine grace is accessed by means of a system of intellectual instruction Titus ; cf. To be under the law means to be under its jurisdiction. The law cannot remove that guilt; what it can do is lead the sinner to seek a remedy for it.

As we apply the book of Romans in our day, when Jewish law is no longer a factor, we think of law particularly in terms of the moral law. In fact, the law never was intended to do that. On the contrary, the law was to point out our shortcomings and lead us to Christ. The law can no more save us than the symptoms of a disease can cure the disease.

This new righteousness is contrasted with the righteousness of the law, which was the righteousness with which the Jew was familiar. This is, of course, the righteousness that Jesus wrought out in His life while here in human flesh—a righteousness that He offers to all who will accept it by faith, who will claim it for themselves, not because they deserve it but because they need it.

The faith of Jesus Christ is here, doubtless, faith in Jesus Christ. It is choosing His way of life. It is trusting Him and seeking by faith to live according to His commandments. Keeping in mind what we have studied so far about the law and what the law cannot do, read Romans What is Paul saying here?

What does it mean that redemption is in Jesus? Before this justification a person is unrighteous and thus unacceptable to God; after justification he or she is regarded as righteous and thus acceptable to Him. Grace means favor. When a sinner turns to God for salvation, it is an act of grace to consider or declare that person to be righteous. It is unmerited favor, and the believer is justified without any merit of his or her own, without any claim to present to God in his or her own behalf except his or her utter helplessness.

The Biblical Doctrine of Justification by Faith

Justification is presented in Romans as a punctiliar act; that is, it happens at a point in time. One moment the sinner is outside, unrighteous, and unaccepted; the next moment, following justification, the person is inside, accepted, and righteous. The person who is in Christ looks upon justification as a past act, one that took place when he or she surrendered himself or herself fully to Christ.

Of course, if the justified sinner should fall away and then return to Christ, justification would occur again. Also, if reconversion is considered a daily experience, there is a sense in which justification might be considered a repeating experience. In Romans , Paul expounds further on the great news of salvation.

Justification (theology) - Wikipedia

He uses a fancy word—propitiation. What this means, then, is that by His sacrificial death, Jesus has been set forth as the means of salvation and is represented as the One providing the propitiation. In short, it means that God did what was needed to save us. We can do nothing of ourselves to cancel our sins. Because of the Cross of Calvary, God can declare sinners righteous and still be considered just and fair in the eyes of the universe. Satan can point no accusing finger at God, for Heaven has made the supreme sacrifice.

Satan had accused God of asking of the human race more than He was willing to give. The Cross refutes this claim. In the historical context, Paul was speaking in Romans of law in its broad sense of the system of Judaism. No matter how conscientiously a Jew tried to live under this system, that person could not be justified if he or she failed to accept Jesus as the Messiah. If a man is justified by his own actions, he can boast about it. But when he is justified because Jesus is the object of his faith, then the credit clearly belongs to God, who justified the sinner.

Ellen G. White, Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers, p. Works of law cannot atone for past sins. Justification cannot be earned. It can be received only by faith in the atoning sacrifice of Christ.

Therefore, in this sense, works of law have nothing to do with justification. To be justified without works means to be justified without there being anything in ourselves to merit justification. But many Christians have misunderstood and misapplied this text. They say that all one has to do is to believe, while downplaying works or obedience—even obedience to the moral law.